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Tag Archive: Bible Translations

The Open English Bible: Trendiness, Updated

Posted: Sunday, June 5, 2011 (5:32 pm), by John W Gillis


Along with the previously mentioned CEB, I spent some time last weekend checking out a couple other new Bible translations, one of which was the Open English Bible (New Testament), published electronically in 2011 – I viewed a PDF rendition dated April 4th, 2011.

Primarily an individual effort by Russell Allen, this work is an “open source” revision of the rather obscure 1904 Twentieth Century New Testament. Considered the first “modern English” translation, the TCNT was produced in Britain by a group of mostly laymen seeking to produce an “up-to-date” version. Like the TCNT, the OEB relies on the Westcott-Hort Greek text, which, although considered the “latest & greatest” critical text at the end of the 19th century when the TCNT was translated, is otherwise used today only for the Watchtower Society’s dubious translation, as far as I know.

Rather than being primarily a literary attempt to correct perceived errors or shortcomings in the mainstream (i.e. commercial) versions, the editor’s stated primary purpose in publishing the OEB is to provide a modern version which is not staked to the Tyndale tradition, and which is in the public domain – “completely free”. To its credit, the OEB wisely departs from the 1904 TCNT’s practice of ordering the NT books according to their chronological publishing order, as such chronology had been or might be divined by fashionable scholarship.

Curiously, Allen perceives the need to airbrush out “the Jews” as an adversarial element in the Gospel of John. A similar obfuscation is applied to the references in Paul’s letters to those acts which are, in the Greek and in almost all other translations, precisely identifiable as homosexual. Apparently, he finds the sacred writers themselves left room for discreet improvement by their more enlightened followers! I’ve actually found this version very readable in my limited exposure to it, but I am loathe to get too comfortable with any work that suffers the conceit of improving upon the Word of God for the sake of conforming to modern (or other parochial) sensibilities.

By the same respect, it also fails to correct certain dubious “improvements” or “clarifications” inserted in the original 1904 TCNT, such as in Matt 1:25, where the OEB has: “He made Mary his wife, but they did not sleep together until after the birth of her son“. This appears to blatantly contradict the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary, and is therefore clearly a brazen theological assertion, made despite the fact that the Greek text nowhere and in no way asserts that Joseph and Mary “slept together” after the birth of Jesus.

[2015-10-22, Ed. note: As of the 2014.11 version of the EOB, this problematic verse has been corrected to: “He made Mary his wife, but they did not sleep together before the birth of her son“.]

All in all, if a revision fails to correct the worst popular biases of its source translation, further obfuscates the actual original Biblical text to satisfy contemporary biases, and accomplishes its “clarifications” into the target language by flattening phrases like “he will burn with inextinguishable fire” into pedestrian expressions like “he will burn with fire that cannot be put out” (Mt 3:12, TCNT/OEB), it is probably not worth adding to your reference collection, and I will not be adding it to mine.

The Common English Bible: Yet another failed attempt at “The Bible for Dummies”

Posted: Monday, May 30, 2011 (8:48 pm), by John W Gillis


A group calling itself the Church Resources Development Corp is preparing to release yet another new English translation of Sacred Scripture, this one being marketed as the  the  Common English Bible (CEB) (not to be confused with the 1999 Common Edition New Testament, or with the American Bible Society’s Contemporary English Version from 1995, which goes by CEV). This “fresh” translation was an interdenominational effort (predominantly by members of old-line, liberal Protestant denominations, it would seem). It was translated from NA27, using various sources for the OT, by 120 translators from 22 different “faith traditions”. The translation philosophy leans (tilts? dives? collapses?) toward the dynamic on the dynamic/formal scale. Perhaps the best news is that it will include a translation of the Apocrypha. The editors call it a “bold new translation”, and I would say, after spending some time with it online this weekend, that they are half right.

The translation aims for a 7th-grade reading level in a “common language”, which it generally accomplishes by producing vague, mechanical, and imprecise substitutions for characteristically Biblical-sounding terms (what associate editor Paul Franklyn calls “Biblish”), such as substituting “human” for “son of man”, “harass” for “persecute”, “contaminates” for “defiles”, “temple equipment” for “temple vessels”, and “rules handed down” for “tradition”. Temple equipment? How industrially banal!

Such a vulgarizing tendency can produce some rather bizarre and stylistically embarrassing results, however, especially when they are motivated by something other than a desire to be as faithful as possible to the revelation. Take for example, Genesis 2:22-23 in the CEB:

With the rib taken from the human, the Lord God fashioned a woman and brought her to the human being. The human said, “This one finally is bone from my bones and flesh from my flesh. She will be called a woman because from a man she was taken.

It’s not that I don’t appreciate either the challenge of trying to represent in translation the distinction between adam and ish, or the complexity of mapping linguistic concepts across broadly diverse cultures in a comprehensible manner, but what we’re given here is a comically clumsy and silly example of the ironically designated “inclusive language” produced by a well-worn, widespread academic condescension to paranoid and anthropologically divisive feminist narcissism, which here ends up asserting that the very Word of God in Sacred Scripture informs us that men are human beings, while women are… well, something else, apparently. Groan.

The editors express the conviction that this approach makes their translation more “relevant” than the more “challenging” translations – there being nothing more irrelevant, after all, than Biblish. Fortunately, it is a fairly safe bet that nobody will ever read the CEB once the academics who produced it are finished passing copies around to their friends. However, there are several stylishly relevant gift editions being planned…

Grading:

In my book, the Common English Bible gets an “A” for “Awkward”, a “B” for “Biblishlessness”, a “C” for “Common”, a “D” for “Dynamic equivalence”, but an “F” for fidelity to the Word of God in Sacred Scripture.

Was that grading scheme inclusive enough?

The USCCB Swings & Whiffs on the NAB Revised Edition

Posted: Saturday, February 5, 2011 (11:28 pm), by John W Gillis


The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) has announced the release on this coming Ash Wednesday (March 9th) of what amounts to the completion of a Revised version of the New American Bible, which will be known as the New American Bible Revised Edition (NABRE). I should be happy to see the publication of what is being touted as a more formal translation of the Old Testament for the NAB, but I can’t help but feel that the USCCB has bungled this.

NABRE_pb_sbpThis will be the fourth release of the NAB family of translations. The original translation was completed in 1970, and then a second edition containing a Revised New Testament was released in 1986. Five years later, the NAB was released in a third edition with a revised Psalter, and this fourth release now replaces both the 1991 Psalms, and the rest of the 1970 Old Testament – while retaining the 1986 Revised NT translation.

The problem I have with the NABRE stems from the relation of the New American Bible, as published, to the readings in the Lectionary, which is the primary locus of engagement with the Scriptures for most faithful Catholics. The bottom line is that the faithful in the pews, by and large, want to be able to read and study an edition of the Bible that corresponds to what is read from the Lectionary during Mass. This NABRE revision not only does not accomplish this humble and worthy goal, but it further exacerbates the alienation between the two sets of texts.

The Lectionary was revised in 1970 to comply with the significant changes in the liturgy instituted during the Second Vatican Council, and it utilized the original NAB edition for its text. A revision to that was produced following the two revisions to the NAB text, but liturgical Scripture translations are held to a different standard within the Church than are translations for personal use, and the revision work was determined to be not of sufficient quality, mostly owing to a perceived need among a dominant faction within both the hierarchy and American Catholic academia to appease the sensibilities of the victimhood-crazed political correctness speech police of the so-called progressive element in society. The reader knows of whom I speak.

The result was a squishy text (especially the Psalter – the NT was actually mostly an improvement over the 1970 text) that was eventually rejected by the Congregation for Doctrine of the Faith. The work had to be modified and corrected under the auspices of the CDF, and then sent back to the US bishops, and only one volume has even been approved. See this excellent site by Felix Just, S.J. for everything you want to know about the Lectionary.

The end result today is that we have one volume of the Lectionary (i.e. the Weekday readings) which is based entirely on the 1970 NAB, which itself has been unavailable since the revision to the NAB NT 25 years ago; and another volume (i.e Sundays & Solemnities) based on the 1970 OT, a modified version of the 1986 NT, and a version of the Psalms that I don’t believe reflects any published version. And now, as of the beginning of Lent, the published version of the NAB will also have a newly revised OT, therein severing any remaining translation consistency between the Word proclaimed in the liturgy, and the Bibles available to the faithful for their personal use.

It might be suggested I’m being unfair to the USCCB by indicting them for simply wanting to release the Revised NAB as soon as it is ready, rather than waiting for what we now know can be an excruciatingly long process of getting a corresponding revised Lectionary approved to go along with it, but a couple of factors mitigate against that suggestion.

The sharpest argument is that the USCCB is publishing the NABRE without the modifications to the revised NT demanded by the CDF for use in the liturgy. I cannot fathom that. That is a clear indicator that neither the USCCB nor the Catholic Biblical Association (CBA: the  translation committee for the NAB) considers a unified text a serious priority, despite the desires (and legitimate needs) of the laity.

The other factor is that the history of the work of the Americans with these translations should not fill anyone with confidence that the OT work they’ve just completed will be completely satisfactory. Given the lack of new direction in American Catholic leadership over this period, even if a new Lectionary edition based on the NABRE was produced and submitted for confirmation in short order, how much confidence should we have that we wouldn’t be undertaking a repeat of the ridiculous 1998 process?

And really, without a unified text for both liturgical and personal use, of how much use is the NAB – or NABRE – for personal use? Aren’t there significantly better options, in both Catholic and ecumenical packagings, of the Sacred Word?

Bible Study Software English Bibles Comparison Published

Posted: Thursday, March 25, 2010 (9:36 am), by John W Gillis


Last night, I was finally able to publish on the site a comparison table I put together in January, showing which English language Bibles are available in which Bible Study program, and what the cost is for each. I had struggled with this for technical reasons, because the table doesn’t come close to fitting within the standard content column of the site, and I didn’t want to orphan it.

This is more interesting than one might suspect. Yes, the bigger name translations are generally available in most programs (only KJV, ASV, YLT, and Darby’s are available in all the ones I reviewed, however), but it’s good to know where to find some of the more obscure versions, and some curious traits did emerge from the data. See for yourself.

The chart is intended as a companion to a page I’m working on that will provide an overview of the history of English language translations of the Bible which, given my school schedule in April, will probably not be ready until May. At five or six months per page, I should have this site built out to where I envision it in about another 20-25 years.

The HCSB 2nd Edition and the Tetragrammaton

Posted: Thursday, January 1, 2009 (5:31 pm), by John W Gillis


In between disasters and duties, I’ve been spending a bit more time looking at the new 2nd edition HCSB this week. Perhaps the most significant change from the first version is the greatly increased tendency to transliterate the Tetragrammaton (Yahweh), instead of following the standard practice among English translations of rendering it as LORD in small caps. Among major English translations, only the ASV (“Jehovah”) and the JB/NJB (“Yahweh”) have used a transliteration more than occasionally.

Curiously, the HCSB does not transliterate consistently, as the other translations had done (for reference, the other translations used the transliteration close to 7,000 times; the HCSB used the transliteration 78 times in the first edition, and uses it 495 times in the 2nd edition, if my search results can be trusted). The HCSB instead takes a more interpretive approach, transliterating whenever the usage suggests an emphasis on the word specifically as God’s name.

I have some misgivings about this approach – and I must admit that I am not crazy either about the ASV/JB-type approach of consistently transliterating, which I wouldn’t be very comfortable reading to a congregation. However, I’d like to think about it a little more before opining on the matter.

Nonetheless, this movement further in the direction of transliteration of the Tetragrammaton is clearly a significant part of the thinking behind the HCSB update, so I’d like to put it out there for anyone who might be interested in investigating exactly what they’ve done. There are 451 verses in the HCSB 2nd Edition that contain the word “Yahweh,” and that is too many for me to post here, so I will narrow the comparison down to the five books of the Torah.

The 2nd edition has 131 occurrences in 114 verses, whereas the 1st edition had just 13 occurrences in 12 verses. The table below is output from WORDsearch search results in the 2nd edition, and I have highlighted in yellow those 12 verse numbers where the 1st edition also transliterated:


HCSB 2nd Edition – Search results for: Yahweh

(see yellow for verses with “Yahweh” in 1st Edition)

Book

Description

Context

HCSB

Ge 4:26
The Line of Cain

26 A son was born to Seth also, and he named him Enosh. At that time people began to call on the name of •Yahweh.

HCSB

Ge 12:8
The Call of Abram

8 From there he moved on to the hill country east of Bethel and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. He built an altar to •Yahweh there, and he called on the name of Yahweh.

HCSB

Ge 13:4
Abram and Lot Separate

4 to the site where he had built the altar. And Abram called on the name of •Yahweh there.

HCSB

Ge 14:22
Melchizedek’s Blessing

22 But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have raised my hand in an oath to •Yahweh, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth,

HCSB

Ge 21:33
Abraham’s Covenant with Abimelech

33 Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and there he called on the name of •Yahweh, the Everlasting God.

HCSB

Ge 26:25
The Lord Appears to Isaac

25 So he built an altar there, called on the name of •Yahweh, and pitched his tent there. Isaac’s slaves also dug a well there.

HCSB

Ex 3:15
Moses and the Burning Bush

15 God also said to Moses, “Say this to the Israelites: •Yahweh, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever; this is how I am to be remembered in every generation.

HCSB

Ex 3:16
Moses and the Burning Bush

16 “Go and assemble the elders of Israel and say to them: Yahweh, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, has appeared to me and said: I have paid close attention to you and to what has been done to you in Egypt.

HCSB

Ex 3:18
Moses and the Burning Bush

18 They will listen to what you say. Then you, along with the elders of Israel, must go to the king of Egypt and say to him: Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. Now please let us go on a three-day trip into the wilderness so that we may sacrifice to Yahweh our God.

HCSB

Ex 4:5
Miraculous Signs for Moses

5 “This will take place,” He continued, “so they will believe that •Yahweh, the God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.”

HCSB

Ex 4:22
Moses’ Return to Egypt

22 Then you will say to Pharaoh: This is what Yahweh says: Israel is My firstborn son.

HCSB

Ex 5:1
Moses Confronts Pharaoh

1 Later, Moses and Aaron went in and said to Pharaoh, “This is what •Yahweh, the God of Israel, says: Let My people go, so that they may hold a festival for Me in the wilderness.”

HCSB

Ex 5:2
Moses Confronts Pharaoh

2 But Pharaoh responded, “Who is Yahweh that I should obey Him by letting Israel go? I do not know ?anything about? Yahweh, and besides, I will not let Israel go.”

HCSB

Ex 5:3
Moses Confronts Pharaoh

3 Then they answered, “The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Please let us go on a three-day trip into the wilderness so that we may sacrifice to Yahweh our God, or else He may strike us with plague or sword.”

HCSB

Ex 6:2
God Promises Freedom

2 Then God spoke to Moses, telling him, “I am •Yahweh.

HCSB

Ex 6:3
God Promises Freedom

3 I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as •God Almighty, but I did not reveal My name Yahweh to them.

HCSB

Ex 6:6
God Promises Freedom

6 “Therefore tell the Israelites: I am Yahweh, and I will deliver you from the forced labor of the Egyptians and free you from slavery to them. I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and great acts of judgment.

HCSB

Ex 6:7
God Promises Freedom

7 I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. You will know that I am Yahweh your God, who delivered you from the forced labor of the Egyptians.

HCSB

Ex 6:8
God Promises Freedom

8 I will bring you to the land that I swore, to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and I will give it to you as a possession. I am Yahweh.”

HCSB

Ex 6:29
Moses and Aaron before Pharaoh

29 He said to him, “I am Yahweh; tell Pharaoh king of Egypt everything I am telling you.”

HCSB

Ex 7:5
Chapter 7

5 The Egyptians will know that I am •Yahweh when I stretch out My hand against Egypt, and bring out the Israelites from among them.”

HCSB

Ex 7:16
The First Plague: Water Turned to Blood

16 Tell him: Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to tell you: Let My people go, so that they may worship Me in the wilderness, but so far you have not listened.

HCSB

Ex 7:17
The First Plague: Water Turned to Blood

17 This is what Yahweh says: Here is how you will know that I am Yahweh. Watch. I will strike the water in the Nile with the staff in my hand, and it will turn to blood.

HCSB

Ex 8:1
The Second Plague: Frogs

1 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh and tell him: This is what •Yahweh says: Let My people go, so that they may worship Me.

HCSB

Ex 8:8
The Second Plague: Frogs

8 Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Ask Yahweh to remove the frogs from me and my people. Then I will let the people go and they can sacrifice to Yahweh.”

HCSB

Ex 8:10
The Second Plague: Frogs

10 “Tomorrow,” he answered. Moses replied, “As you have said, so you may know there is no one like Yahweh our God,

HCSB

Ex 8:20
The Fourth Plague: Swarms of Flies

20 The Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and present yourself to Pharaoh when you see him going out to the water. Tell him: This is what Yahweh says: Let My people go, so that they may worship Me.

HCSB

Ex 8:22
The Fourth Plague: Swarms of Flies

22 But on that day I will give special treatment to the land of Goshen, where My people are living; no flies will be there. This way you will know that I, Yahweh, am in the land.

HCSB

Ex 9:1
The Fifth Plague: Death of Livestock

1 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh and say to him: This is what •Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let My people go, so that they may worship Me.

HCSB

Ex 9:13
The Seventh Plague: Hail

13 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and present yourself to Pharaoh. Tell him: This is what Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews says: Let My people go, so that they may worship Me.

HCSB

Ex 9:27
The Seventh Plague: Hail

27 Pharaoh sent for Moses and Aaron. “I have sinned this time,” he said to them. “Yahweh is the Righteous One, and I and my people are the •guilty ones.

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Ex 9:28
The Seventh Plague: Hail

28 Make an appeal to Yahweh. There has been enough of God’s thunder and hail. I will let you go; you don’t need to stay any longer.”

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Ex 9:29
The Seventh Plague: Hail

29 Moses said to him, “When I have left the city, I will extend my hands to Yahweh. The thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, so that you may know the earth belongs to Yahweh.

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Ex 9:30
The Seventh Plague: Hail

30 But as for you and your officials, I know that you still do not fear Yahweh ?our? God.”

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Ex 10:2
The Eighth Plague: Locusts

2 and so that you may tell your son and grandson how severely I dealt with the Egyptians and performed miraculous signs among them, and you will know that I am •Yahweh.”

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Ex 10:3
The Eighth Plague: Locusts

3 So Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh and told him, “This is what Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, says: How long will you refuse to humble yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may worship Me.

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Ex 10:7
The Eighth Plague: Locusts

7 Pharaoh’s officials asked him, “How long must this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, so that they may worship Yahweh their God. Don’t you realize yet that Egypt is devastated?”

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Ex 10:8
The Eighth Plague: Locusts

8 So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh. “Go, worship Yahweh your God,” Pharaoh said. “But exactly who will be going?”

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Ex 10:9
The Eighth Plague: Locusts

9 Moses replied, “We will go with our young and our old; we will go with our sons and daughters and with our flocks and herds because we must hold Yahweh’s festival.”

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Ex 10:10
The Eighth Plague: Locusts

10 He said to them, “May Yahweh be with you if I ?ever? let you and your families go! Look out—you are planning evil.

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Ex 10:11
The Eighth Plague: Locusts

11 No, only the men may go and worship Yahweh, for that is what you have been asking for.” And they were driven from Pharaoh’s presence.

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Ex 10:16
The Eighth Plague: Locusts

16 Pharaoh urgently sent for Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned against Yahweh your God and against you.

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Ex 10:17
The Eighth Plague: Locusts

17 Please forgive my sin once more and make an appeal to Yahweh your God, so that He will take this death away from me.”

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Ex 10:24
The Ninth Plague: Darkness

24 Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, worship Yahweh. Even your families may go with you; only your flocks and herds must stay behind.”

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Ex 10:25
The Ninth Plague: Darkness

25 Moses responded, “You must also let us have sacrifices and •burnt offerings to prepare for Yahweh our God.

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Ex 10:26
The Ninth Plague: Darkness

26 Even our livestock must go with us; not a hoof will be left behind because we will take some of them to worship Yahweh our God. We will not know what we will use to worship Yahweh until we get there.”

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Ex 11:4
The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn

4 So Moses said, “This is what •Yahweh says: ‘About midnight I will go throughout Egypt,

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Ex 11:7
The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn

7 But against all the Israelites, whether man or beast, not ?even? a dog will snarl, so that you may know that Yahweh makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel.

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Ex 12:12
Instructions for the Passover

12 “I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night and strike every firstborn ?male? in the land of Egypt, both man and beast. I am •Yahweh; I will execute judgments against all the gods of Egypt.

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Ex 12:31
The Exodus

31 He summoned Moses and Aaron during the night and said, “Get up, leave my people, both you and the Israelites, and go, worship Yahweh as you have asked.

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Ex 14:4
Chapter 14

4 I will harden Pharaoh’s heart so that he will pursue them. Then I will receive glory by means of Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am •Yahweh.” So the Israelites did this.

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Ex 14:18
Escape through the Red Sea

18 The Egyptians will know that I am Yahweh when I receive glory through Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”

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Ex 14:25
Escape through the Red Sea

25 He caused their chariot wheels to swerve, and made them drive with difficulty. “Let’s get away from Israel,” the Egyptians said, “because Yahweh is fighting for them against Egypt!”

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Ex 15:3
Israel’s Song

3 The Lord is a warrior; •Yahweh is His name.

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Ex 15:26
Water Provided

26 He said, “If you will carefully obey the Lord your God, do what is right in His eyes, pay attention to His commands, and keep all His statutes, I will not inflict any illnesses on you that I inflicted on the Egyptians. For I am Yahweh who heals you.”

HCSB

Ex 16:12
Manna and Quail Provided

12 “I have heard the complaints of the Israelites. Tell them: At twilight you will eat meat, and in the morning you will eat bread until you are full. Then you will know that I am •Yahweh your God.”

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Ex 18:11
Jethro’s Visit

11 Now I know that •Yahweh is greater than all gods, because ?He did wonders? when the Egyptians acted arrogantly against Israel.”,

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Ex 20:2
The Ten Commandments

2 I am •Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of slavery.

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Ex 20:5
The Ten Commandments

5 You must not bow down to them or worship them; for I, Yahweh your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the fathers’ sin, to the third and fourth ?generations? of those who hate Me,

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Ex 20:7
The Ten Commandments

7 Do not misuse the name of Yahweh your God, because Yahweh will not leave anyone unpunished who misuses His name.

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Ex 20:10
The Ten Commandments

10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to Yahweh your God. You must not do any work—you, your son or daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the foreigner who is within your gates.

HCSB

Ex 20:11
The Ten Commandments

11 For Yahweh made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and everything in them in six days; then He rested on the seventh day. Therefore Yahweh blessed the Sabbath day and declared it holy.

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Ex 20:12
The Ten Commandments

12 Honor your father and your mother so that you may have a long life in the land that Yahweh your God is giving you.

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Ex 29:46
Instructions about Consecration

46 And they will know that I am •Yahweh their God, who brought them out of the land of Egypt, so that I might dwell among them. I am Yahweh their God.

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Ex 31:13
Observing the Sabbath

13 “Tell the Israelites: You must observe My Sabbaths, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, so that you will know that I am •Yahweh who sets you apart.

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Ex 33:19
The Lord’s Glory

19 He said, “I will cause all My goodness to pass in front of you, and I will proclaim the name •Yahweh before you. I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.”

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Ex 34:5
New Stone Tablets

5 The Lord came down in a cloud, stood with him there, and proclaimed ?His? name •Yahweh.

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Ex 34:6
New Stone Tablets

6 Then the Lord passed in front of him and proclaimed: YahwehYahweh is a compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger and rich in faithful love and truth,

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Ex 34:14
Covenant Obligations

14 You are never to bow down to another god because Yahweh, being jealous by nature, is a jealous God.

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Lev 18:21
Prohibited Pagan Practices

21 “You are not to make any of your children pass through ?the fire? to •Molech. Do not profane the name of your God; I am •Yahweh.

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Lev 19:12
Laws of Holiness

12 You must not swear falsely by My name, profaning the name of your God; I am •Yahweh.

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Lev 21:6
The Holiness of the Priests

6 They are to be holy to their God and not profane the name of their God. For they present the fire offerings to Yahweh, the food of their God, and they must be holy.

HCSB

Lev 22:2
Priests and Their Food

2 “Tell Aaron and his sons to deal respectfully with the holy offerings of the Israelites that they have consecrated to Me, so they do not profane My holy name; I am •Yahweh.

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Lev 22:31
Acceptable Sacrifices

31 “You are to keep My commands and do them; I am Yahweh.

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Lev 24:16
A Case of Blasphemy

16 Whoever blasphemes the name of •Yahweh is to be put to death; the whole community must stone him. If he blasphemes the Name, he is to be put to death, whether the foreign resident or the native.

HCSB

Nu 6:24
The Priestly Blessing

24 May •Yahweh bless you and protect you;

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Nu 6:25
The Priestly Blessing

25 may Yahweh make His face shine on you and be gracious to you;

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Nu 6:26
The Priestly Blessing

26 may Yahweh look with favor on you and give you peace.,

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Nu 15:41
Tassels for Remembrance

41 I am •Yahweh your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God; I am Yahweh your God.”

HCSB

Nu 36:2
The Inheritance of Zelophehad’s Daughters

2 They said, “•Yahweh commanded my lord to give the land as an inheritance by lot to the Israelites. My lord was further commanded by Yahweh to give our brother Zelophehad’s inheritance to his daughters.

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Dt 1:11
Leaders for the Tribes

11 May •Yahweh, the God of your fathers, increase you a thousand times more, and bless you as He promised you.

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Dt 1:21
Israel’s Disobedience at Kadesh-barnea

21 See, the Lord your God has set the land before you. Go up and take possession of it as Yahweh, the God of your fathers, has told you. Do not be afraid or discouraged.

HCSB

Dt 4:1
Call to Obedience

1 “Now, Israel, listen to the statutes and ordinances I am teaching you to follow, so that you may live, enter, and take possession of the land •Yahweh, the God of your fathers, is giving you.

HCSB

Dt 5:6
The Ten Commandments

6 I am •Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of slavery.

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Dt 5:9
The Ten Commandments

9 You must not bow down to them or worship them, because I, Yahweh your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the fathers’ sin to the third and fourth ?generations? of those who hate Me,

HCSB

Dt 5:11
The Ten Commandments

11 Do not misuse the name of Yahweh your God, because Yahweh will not leave anyone unpunished who misuses His name.

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Dt 5:12
The Ten Commandments

12 Be careful to remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy as Yahweh your God has commanded you.

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Dt 5:14
The Ten Commandments

14 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to Yahweh your God. You must not do any work—you, your son or daughter, your male or female slave, your ox or donkey, any of your livestock, or the foreigner who lives within your gates, so that your male and female slaves may rest as you do.

HCSB

Dt 5:15
The Ten Commandments

15 Remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and Yahweh your God brought you out of there with a strong hand and an outstretched arm. That is why Yahweh your God has commanded you to keep the Sabbath day.

HCSB

Dt 5:16
The Ten Commandments

16 Honor your father and your mother, as Yahweh your God has commanded you, so that you may live long and so that you may prosper in the land Yahweh your God is giving you.

HCSB

Dt 6:3
The Greatest Commandment

3 Listen, Israel, and be careful to follow ?them?, so that you may prosper and multiply greatly, because •Yahweh, the God of your fathers, has promised you a land flowing with milk and honey.

HCSB

Dt 6:4
The Greatest Commandment

4 “Listen, Israel: Yahweh is our God; Yahweh is One.,

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Dt 6:13
Remembering God through Obedience

13 Fear Yahweh your God, worship Him, and take ?your? oaths in His name.

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Dt 7:9
Israel to Destroy Idolatrous Nations

9 Know that •Yahweh your God is God, the faithful God who keeps His gracious covenant loyalty for a thousand generations with those who love Him and keep His commands.

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Dt 10:8
The Covenant Renewed

8 “At that time the Lord set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the Lord’s covenant, to stand before •Yahweh to serve Him, and to pronounce blessings in His name, as it is today.

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Dt 10:20
What God Requires

20 You are to fear Yahweh your God and worship Him. Remain faithful to Him and take oaths in His name.

HCSB

Dt 12:1
The Chosen Place of Worship

1 “Be careful to follow these statutes and ordinances in the land that •Yahweh, the God of your fathers, has given you to possess all the days you live on the earth.

HCSB

Dt 12:5
The Chosen Place of Worship

5 Instead, you must turn to the place Yahweh your God chooses from all your tribes to put His name for His dwelling and go there.

HCSB

Dt 12:11
The Chosen Place of Worship

11 then Yahweh your God will choose the place to have His name dwell. Bring there everything I command you: your burnt offerings, sacrifices, offerings of the tenth, personal contributions, and all your choice offerings you vow to the Lord.

HCSB

Dt 12:21
Slaughtering Animals to Eat

21 If the place where Yahweh your God chooses to put His name is too far from you, you may slaughter any of your herd or flock He has given you, as I have commanded you, and you may eat it within your gates whenever you want.

HCSB

Dt 14:23
A Tenth for the Lord

23 You are to eat a tenth of your grain, new wine, and oil, and the firstborn of your herd and flock, in the presence of •Yahweh your God at the place where He chooses to have His name dwell, so that you will always learn to •fear the Lord your God.

HCSB

Dt 14:24
A Tenth for the Lord

24 But if the distance is too great for you to carry it, since the place where Yahweh your God chooses to put His name is too far away from you and since the Lord your God has blessed you,

HCSB

Dt 16:2
The Festival of Passover

2 Sacrifice to •Yahweh your God a Passover animal from the herd or flock in the place where the Lord chooses to have His name dwell.

HCSB

Dt 16:6
The Festival of Passover

6 You must only sacrifice the Passover animal at the place where Yahweh your God chooses to have His name dwell. ?Do this? in the evening as the sun sets at the ?same? time ?of day? you departed from Egypt.

HCSB

Dt 16:11
The Festival of Weeks

11 Rejoice before Yahweh your God in the place where He chooses to have His name dwell—you, your son and daughter, your male and female slave, the Levite within your gates, as well as the foreigner, the fatherless, and the widow among you.

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Dt 18:5
Provisions for the Levites

5 For •Yahweh your God has chosen him and his sons from all your tribes to stand and minister in His name from now on.

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Dt 18:7
Provisions for the Levites

7 he may serve in the name of Yahweh his God like all his fellow Levites who minister there in the presence of the Lord.

HCSB

Dt 21:5
Unsolved Murders

5 Then the priests, the sons of Levi, will come forward, for •Yahweh your God has chosen them to serve Him and pronounce blessings in His name, and they are to give a ruling in every dispute and ?case of? assault.

HCSB

Dt 26:2
Giving the Firstfruits

2 you must take some of the first of all the land’s produce that you harvest from the land •Yahweh your God is giving you and put ?it? in a container. Then go to the place where the Lord your God chooses to have His name dwell.

HCSB

Dt 26:7
Giving the Firstfruits

7 So we called out to Yahweh, the God of our fathers, and the Lord heard our cry and saw our misery, hardship, and oppression.

HCSB

Dt 27:3
The Law Written on Stones

3 Write all the words of this law on the stones after you cross to enter the land the Lord your God is giving you, a land flowing with milk and honey, as •Yahweh, the God of your fathers, has promised you.

HCSB

Dt 28:58
Curses for Disobedience

58 “If you are not careful to obey all the words of this law, which are written in this scroll, by •fearing this glorious and awesome name—•Yahweh, your God—

HCSB

Dt 29:25
Abandoning the Covenant

25 Then people will answer, ‘It is because they abandoned the covenant of •Yahweh, the God of their fathers, which He had made with them when He brought them out of the land of Egypt.

HCSB

Dt 32:3
Chapter 32

3 For I will proclaim •Yahweh’s name. Declare the greatness of our God!

The New English Translation’s Premium Perspective

Posted: Tuesday, November 25, 2008 (11:31 pm), by John W Gillis


One of the more interesting recent developments in the English language world of Biblical scholarship was the production of the New English Translation (NET), which merged the obviously traditional discipline of Biblical translation with a process rooted in the modern, Internet-enabled, collaboration practices that have produced results like open source software and wikis. The idea was to make the in-process text available, on the web, for public review and comments; the hope being, I suppose, that such a process would produce a text that approached a consensus text, largely free from distortions such as denominational biases.

Being true to its software-like heritage, it was released in beta versions (as opposed to simply being called drafts), and, after about ten years or so of work by the core translation team, was eventually released by Bible.org about three years ago as the New English Translation, version 1.0. There’s much good that can be said about this effort, but I must admit to having had a very mixed reaction to it, overall.

Moreso than any other translation I’ve evaluated, the NET reads like it was written by a committee. It strikes me as dull and pedestrian, seeming to have too often reached the lowest common denominator in smoothing out its edges. The results seem like the classic case of too many cooks spoiling the broth: sometimes you can only avoid offending any and all palates at the cost of blandness and mediocrity.  Whether the NET succeeds in avoiding denominational bias might be an open question from a denominational (or non-denominational) perspective, but it is clearly and consistently dismissive of Catholic understanding of the text – chasing off traditional understandings of contested passages with the usual reeds. The committee originally stated a goal of producing a translation of the full Protestant Apocrypha (which, of course, includes all of the Deuterocanonical material), giving it the same attention to annotation as the other books, but it is not at all clear to me if this work is going on at all, as it sat in limbo for sometime as an unfunded project, and the once-available partial draft has disappeared from both the downloadable and on-line versions.

The translation is renowned for copious, and often quite useful, marginal notes – I especially like the way the editors have categorized the different types of notes: explanatory study notes are distinguished from translation notes (which explain and/or expand translation decisions), and which are themselves distinguished from “text critical” notes that identify codex variations and the like. The group is also to be commended for providing the translation for free in HTML format – both on the Bible.org web site, and as a standalone, downloadable ebook that functions similarly to an HTML-based help file (as well as in a few other formats).

However, I’ve long been disturbed by their marketing practices with print copies. Until a Reader’s Edition was recently made available, there was no edition of the NET available in print for less than $50. Even the least expensive Reader’s Edition sells for $30. Furthermore, these are not just the prices on Bible.org, but I don’t even ever recall seeing the discounters (e.g christianbook.com) having discounts available. [Note: CBD appears to have a “reader’s” edition now at $20, so perhaps there is a thaw coming.] I don’t understand the insistence on premium pricing – it seems inconsistent with their “ministry first” approach – and I really think it’s a shame that they won’t make a low-cost edition available in hardcover or paperback. Given the limitations of the translation, I can assure you I will not be forking over $50 for a print copy any time soon – though I did purchase a CROSS-formatted electronic version to use in WORDsearch.

On a similar note, I was influenced to write this post when I received an email last week from Bible.org, pitching a collection of Powerpoint templates being sold by either an arm of Bible.org, or some affiliate (I couldn’t determine which). The offer was a set of 865 “Christmas and Thanksgiving backgrounds” for “the low price of 87.00”

Not being sure if “87.00” was actually supposed to mean “$87.00” (which seemed like an absurd price, but not entirely inconsistent with Bible.org’s “premium pricing” proclivities), I followed the link to verify. Sure enough, the collection of templates – many of which, according to available thumbnails, are slight modifications of each other – were being marketed for $87.00 (plus $5 to $35 for shipping)! Would anybody actually pay such a price? It reminded me of $50 Bibles – and that I still have a nagging feeling that something is not quite right over at Bible.org.